Rautio, M, Evans, M, Grosbois, G, Power, M. 2020. Omega-3 fatty acids and mercury in the food web of Greiner Lake.
Ayala Borda P, Lovejoy C, Power M, Rautio M. Evidence of eutrophication in an Arctic lake.
Potvin M, Rautio M, Lovejoy C. An Arctic freshwater eukaryote core microbiome defined from the Ekaluktutiak lakes (Cambridge Bay).
Gignac-Brassard S, Rautio M, Bertolo A. The relative roles of predation and resources on zooplankton vertical distribution across a gradient of fish predation in boreal lakes.
Imbeau E, Vincent WF, Wauthy M, Cusson M, Rautio M. Biogeochemical and biological analyses of lake ice reveal hidden stores of organic carbon in northern lakes.
Schneider T, Rautio M. Natural surface levels of ultraviolet radiation in a boreal lake do not affect copepod survival or photoprotective pigmentation.
Kivilä H, Rantala MV, Antoniades D, Luoto TP, Nevalainen L, Rautio M. Sea level rise may contribute to the Arctic greening of coastal water bodies, implications from ontogeny of Greiner Lake, Nunavut.
Grosbois G, Power M, Evans M, Koehler G, Rautio M. The dominant role of mysids, zooplankton and zoobenthos in transferring poly-unsaturated fatty acids to the abundant fish community in Greiner Lake, Arctic Canada.
Schartau AK, Mariash HL, Christoffersen KS, Bogan D, Dubovskaya OP, Fefilova EP, Hayden B, Ingvason HR, Ivanova EA, Kononova ON,
Kravchuk ES, Lento J, Novichkova N, Rautio M, Rühland KM, Shaftel R, Smol JP, Vrede T, Kahilainen KK. 2020. First circumpolar assessment of
Arctic freshwater phytoplankton and zooplankton diversity: spatial patterns and environmental drivers.
Published papers
69. Wauthy M, Rautio M. 2020. Permafrost thaw stimulates primary producers but has a moderate effect on primary consumers in subarctic pondsEcosphere 11(6):e03099.10.1002/ecs2.3099
68. Nevalainen L, Rantala MV, Kivilä HE, Lami A, Wauthy M, Rautio M, Luoto TP. 2020. Biogeochemical and photobiological responses of subarctic lakes to UV radiation. Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology, B: Biology. (Accepted)
67. Wauthy M, Rautio M. 2020. Emergence of steeply stratified permafrost thaw ponds changes zooplankton ecology in subarctic freshwaters. Ecosphere 52: 177-190.
66. Mariash H, Rautio M, Mallory M, Smith PA. 2019. Experimental tests of water chemistry response to ornithological eutrophication: biological implications in Arctic freshwaters. Biogeosciences 16: 4719-4730.
65. Grosbois G, Vachon D, del Giorgio P, Rautio M. 2020. Terrestrial matter and phytoplankton contribute equally to zooplankton production in a boreal lake. Ecology
64. Peura S, Wauthy M, Simone D, Einarsdóttir K, Rautio M, Bertilsson S. 2020. Ontogenic succession of thermokarst thaw ponds is linked to dissolved organic matter quality and microbial degradation potential. Limnology & Oceanography Letters 65: S248-S263. doi: 10.1002/lno.11349
63. Wauthy M, Rautio M. 2020. Permafrost thaw stimulates primary producers but has a moderate effect on primary consumers in subarctic ponds. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research. Accepted.
62. Block B, Denfeld BA, Stockwell JD, Flaim G, Grossart H-P, Knoll LB, Maier DB, North RB, Rautio M, Rusak JA, Sadro S, Weyhenmeyer GA, Bramburger AJ, Branstrator DK, Salonen K, Hampton SE 2019. The unique methodological challenges of winter limnology. Limnology and Oceanography Methods 17: 42-57.
61. Kivilä HE, Luoto TP, Rantala MV, Kiljunen M, Rautio M, Nevalainen L. 2019. Environmental controls on benthic food web functions and carbon resource utilization in subarctic lakes. Freshwater Biology 64. 643-658. doi: 10.1111/fwb.13250
60. Nevalainen L, Rantala MV, Rautio M, Luoto T 2018. Spatio-temporal cladoceran (Branchiopoda) responses to climate change and UV radiation in subarctic ecotonal lakes. Journal of Biogeography 45:1954-1965. doi: 10.1111/jbi.13371
59. Tran P, Ramachandran A, Beisner B, Rautio M, Huot Y, Walsh DA 2018. Microbial life under ice: metagenome diversity and in situ activity of Verrucomicrobia in seasonally ice-covered lakes. Environmental Microbiology 20: 2568-2584.
58. Wauthy M, Rautio M, Christoffersen KS, Forsström L, Laurion I, Mariash H, Peura S, Vincent WF 2018. Increasing dominance of terrigenous organic matter in circumpolar freshwaters due to permafrost thaw. Limnology & Oceanography Letters 3: 186-198. 10.1002/lol2.10063.
57. Mariash HL, Cazzanelli M, Rautio M, Hamerlik L, Wooller MJ, Christoffersen KS 2018. Changes in food web dynamics of low arctic ponds with varying content of dissolved organic carbon. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 50: e1414472. 472. 
56. Grosbois G, Rautio M 2017. Active and colorful life under lake ice. Ecology. 10.1002/ecy.2074.
55. Grosbois G, Mariash H, Schneider T, Rautio M. 2017. Under-ice availability of phytoplankton lipids is key to freshwater zooplankton winter survival. Scientific Reports 7: 11543 doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10956-0
54. Wurzbacher C, Nilsson H, Rautio M, Peura S 2017. Poorly known microbial taxa dominate the microbiome of permafrost thaw ponds. ISME Journal. doi:10.1038/ismejismej.2017.54. 
53. Schneider T, Grosbois G, Vincent WF, Rautio M. 2017. Saving for the future: Pre-winter uptake of algal lipids supports copepod egg production in spring. Freshwater Biology 62: 1063-1072.
52. Grosbois G, del Giorgio P, Rautio M. 2017. Zooplankton allochthony is spatially heterogeneous in a small boreal lake. Freshwater Biology 62: 474-490. doi:10.1111/fwb.12879
51. Rantala MV, Luoto TP, Weckström J, Rautio M, Nevalainen L. 2017. Climate drivers of diatom distribution in shallow subarctic lakesFreshwater Biology 62:1971-1985
50. Mariash HL, Cusson M and Rautio M 2016. Fall composition of storage lipids is associated to the overwintering strategy of Daphnia. Lipids. doi: 10.1007/s11745-016-4219-9.
49. Andrady A, Aucamp PJ, Austin AT, Bais AF, Ballaré CL, Barnes PW, Bernhard GH, Björn LO, Bornman JF, Congdon, Cory RM, Flint SD, de Gruijl FR, Häder DP, Heikkilä A, Hylander S, Longstreth J, Lucas RM, Madronich S, McKenzie RL, Neale P, Neale R, Norval M, Pandey KK, Paul N, Rautio M, Redhwi HH, Robinson SA, Rose KC, Solomon KC, Sulzberger B, Wängberg SÅ, Williamson CE, Wilson SR, Worrest RC, Young AR, Zepp, RG. 2016. United Nations Environment Programme, Environmental Effects Assessment Panel. Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: Progress report, 2016. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences. 16(2), 107-145. DOI: 10.1039/c7pp90001e.
48. Hampton SE, Galloway AEW, Powers SM, Ozersky, Woo1 KH, Batt RD, Labou SG, O’Reilly CM, Sharma S, Lottig NR, Stanley EH, North RL, Stockwell JD, Adrian R, Weyhenmeyer GA, Arvola L, Baulch HM, Bertani I, Bowman LL, Carey Jr. CC, Catalan J, Colom-Montero W, Domine LM, Felip M Granados I, Gries C, Grossart HP, Haberman J, Haldna M, Hayden B, Higgins SH, Jolley JC, Kahilainen KK, Kaup E, Kehoe MJ, MacIntyre S, Mackay AW, Mariash HL, McKay RM, Nixdorf B, Nõges P, Nõges T, Palmer M, Pierson DC, Post DM, Pruett MJ, Rautio M, Read JS, Roberts SL, Rücker J, Sadro S, Silow EA, Smith DE, Sterner D, Swann GEA, Timofeyev MA, Toro M, Twiss MR, Vogt RJ, Watson SB, Whiteford EJ, Xenopoulos MA. 2017. Ecology Under Lake Ice. Ecology Letters. 20: 98-111.
47. Roiha T, Peura S, Cusson M, Rautio M 2016. Allochthonous carbon is a major contributor to bacterial growth and community composition in subarctic freshwaters. Scientific Reports. 6:34456 | DOI: 10.1038/srep34456
46. Rantala, M.V., Nevalainen, L., Rautio, M., Galkin, A. & Luoto, T.P. 2016. Sources and controls of organic carbon in lakes across the subarctic treeline. Biogeochemistry, DOI: 10.1007/s10533-016-0229-1.
45. Nevalainen, L., Rantala, M.V., Luoto, T.P., Ojala, A.E.K. & Rautio, M. 2016. Long-term changes in melanisation of arctic Daphnia provide potential for reconstructing aquatic UV exposure. Quaternary Science Reviews 144: 44-50.
44. Schneider T, Grosbois G, Vincent WF, Rautio M. 2016. Carotenoid accumulation in copepods is related to lipid metabolism and reproduction rather than to UV-protection. Limnology & Oceanography. 61: 1201-1213. doi: 10.1002/lno.10283
43. Luoto TP, Rantala MV, Galkin A, Rautio M, Nevalainen L 2016. Environmental determinants of chironomid communities in remote northern lakes across the treeline – Implications for climate change assessments. Ecological Indicators 61: 991–999.
42. Rantala MV, Luoto TP, Weckström J, Perga M-E, Rautio M, Nevalainen L. 2015. Climate controls on the Holocene development of a subarctic lake in northern Fennoscandia. Quaternary Science Reviews. 126: 175-185.
41. Nevalainen L, Luoto TP, Rantala MV, Galkin A, Rautio M 2015. Role of terrestrial carbon in aquatic UV exposure and photoprotective pigmentation of meiofauna in subarctic lakes. Freshwater Biology 60: 2435-2444.
40. Roiha T, Laurion I, Rautio M 2015. Carbon dynamics in highly net heterotrophic subarctic thaw ponds. Biogeosciences doi:10.5194/bgd-12-11707-2015.
39. Häder D, Williamson C, Gao K, Helbling EW, Wängberg S-A, Rautio M, Rose KC, Worrest R, Sinha RP 2015. Effects of UV radiation on aquatic ecosystems and interactions with other environmental factors. Photochemical and Photobiological Sciences 14: 108-126.
38. Przytulska A, Bartosiewicz M, Rautio M, Dufresne F, Vincent WF 2015. Climate effects on arctic Daphnia via food quality and thresholds. PLoSOne 10(5): e0126231. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0126231.
37. Forsström L, Rautio M, Cusson M, Sorvari S, Albert R-L, Kumagai M, Korhola A 2015. DOM concentration, optical parameters and attenuation of solar radiation in high-latitude lakes across three vegetation zones/catchment types. Ecoscience. 1047137
36. Vonk JE, Tank SE, Bowden WB, Laurion I, Vincent WF, Alekseychik P, Amyot M, Billet MF, Canário J, CoryRM, Deshpande BN, Helbig M, Jammet M, Karlsson J, Larouche J, MacMillan G, Rautio M, Walter Anthony KM, Wickland KP 2015. Reviews and syntheses: Effects of permafrost thaw on Arctic aquatic ecosystems. Biogeosciences, 12, 7129–7167.
35. Nevalainen L, Rantala MV, Luoto TP, Rautio M, Ojala AEK 2014. Holocene carbon fluctuations and paleo-optics in a high arctic lake in Nordaustlandet, Svalbard (80°N). Boreas doi 10.1111/bor.12108
34. Casper A, Rautio M, Martineau C, Vincent WF 2014. Variation and assimilation of riverine seston in the pelagic food web of the Mackenzie River Delta and Beaufort Sea transition zone. Estuaries and Coasts doi 10.1007/s12237-014-9917-z.
33. Mariash H, Devlin SP, Forsström L, Jones RI, Rautio M. 2014. Benthic mats subsidize pelagic consumers in tundra pond food webs. Limnology and Oceanography 59: 733–744.
32. Nevalainen L, Rautio M 2014. Spectral absorbance of benthic cladoceran carapaces as a new method for inferring past UV exposure of aquatic biota. Quaternary Science Reviews 84:109-111.
31. Eloranta A, Mariash H, Rautio M, Power M. 2013. Lipid rich zooplankton as a subsidy to the benthivorous winter diet of Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) in a Finnish subarctic lake. Freshwater Biology 58: 2541–2554.
30. Forsström L, Roiha T & Rautio M 2013. Microbial food web responses to increased allochthonous DOM in an oligotrophic subarctic lake. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 68: 171–184.
29. Culp J, Lento J, Goedkoop W, Power M, Rautio M, Christofferson K, Frenzel S, Guðbergsson G, Liljaniemi P, Sandøy S & Svoboda M. 2012. Developing a circumpolar monitoring framework for Arctic freshwater biodiversity. Biodiversity 13:215-227. 717526
28. Roiha, T., Tiirola, M., Cazzanelli, M. & Rautio, M. 2012. Carbon quantity defines productivity while its quality defines community composition of bacterioplankton in subarctic ponds. Aquatic Sciences 74: 513-525.
27. Cazzanelli M, Forsström L, Rautio M, Michelsen A & Christoffersen KS 2012. Benthic production is the key to Daphnia middendorffiana survival in a shallow High Arctic freshwater ecosystem. Freshwater Biology. 57: 541-551.
26. Rautio M, Dufresne F, Laurion I, Bonilla S, Vincent WF & Christoffersen KS 2011. Shallow freshwater ecosystems of the circumpolar Arctic. Ecoscience 18: 204-222.
25. Rautio M, Mariash H, Forsström L. 2011. Seasonal shifts between autochthonous and allochthonous carbon contributions to zooplankton diets in a subarctic lake. Limnology & Oceanography 56: 1513-1524.
24. Mariash H, Cazzanelli M, Kainz M, Rautio M 2011. Food sources and lipid retention of zooplankton in subarctic ponds. Freshwater Biology 56: 1850-1865. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2011.02625.x
23. Syväranta J & Rautio M 2010. Zooplankton, lipids and stable isotopes: importance of seasonal, spatial and taxonomical differences. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 67: 1721-1729.
22. Rautio M & Tartarotti B 2010. UV radiation and freshwater zooplankton: damage, protection and recovery. Freshwater Reviews 3: 105-131.
21. Rautio M., Bonilla, S. & Vincent, W.F. 2009. UV photoprotectants in arctic zooplankton. Aquatic Biology 7: 93-105
20. Bonilla S, Rautio M & Vincent WF. 2009. Phytoplankton and phytobenthos pigment strategies: implications for algal survival in the changing Arctic. Polar Biology 32: 1293-1303.
19. Brancelj A, Kernan, M, Jeppesen E, Rautio M, Manca M, Šiško M, Alonso M, Stuchlik E 2009. Cladocera remains from the sediment of remote cold lakes: a study of 294 lakes across Europe. Fundamental and Applied Limnology, Advances in Limnology 62: 269-294.
18. Rautio M, Vincent WF 2007. Isotopic analysis of the sources of organic carbon for zooplankton in shallow subarctic and arctic waters. Ecography 30:77-87.
17. Forsström L, Sorvari S, Rautio M, Sonninen E & Korhola A 2007. Changes in physical and chemical limnology and plankton during the spring melt period in a subarctic lake. International Review of Hydrobiology 92:301-325.
16. Rautio M. and Vincent W.F. 2006. Benthic and pelagic food resources for zooplankton in shallow high-latitude lakes and ponds. Freshwater Biology 51: 1038-1052.
15. Forsström, L., Sorvari, S., Rautio, M. & Korhola, A. 2005. Seasonality of phytoplankton in subarctic Lake Saanajärvi in NW Finnish Lapland. Polar Biology 28: 846-861.
14. Smol, J.P., Wolfe, A.P., Birks, H.J.B., Douglas, M.S.V., Jones, V.J, Korhola, A., Pienitz, R., Rühland, K., Sorvari, S., Antoniades, D., Brooks, S.J., Fallu, M-A., Hughes, M., Keatley, B.E., Laing, T.E., Michelutti, N., Nazarova, L., Nyman, M., Paterson, A.P., Perren, B., Quinlan, R., Rautio M., Saulnier-Talbot, É, Siitonen, S., Solovieva, N., and Weckström, J. 2005. Climate-driven regime shifts in the biological communities of arctic lakes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102: 4397-4402.
13. Schwenk, K., Junttila, P., Rautio, M., Bastiansen, F., Knapp, J., Dove, O., Billiones, R. & Streit, B.2004. Ecological, morphological, and genetic differentiation of Daphnia (Hyalodaphnia) from the Finnish and Russian subarctic. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 532-539.
12. Rautio, M., Korhola, A. & Zellmer, I. D. 2003. Vertical distribution of Daphnia longispina in a shallow subarctic pond: Does the interaction of ultraviolet radiation and Chaoborus predation explain the pattern? Polar Biology 26: 659-665.
11. Rautio, M. & Korhola, A. 2002. UV-induced pigmentation in subarctic Daphnia. Limnology and Oceanography 47: 295-299.
10. Rautio, M. & Korhola, A. 2002. Effects of ultraviolet radiation and dissolved organic carbon on the survival of subarctic zooplankton. Polar Biology 25: 469-473.
9. Korhola, A., Sorvari, S., Rautio, M, Appleby, P. G., Dearing, J. A., Hu, Y., Rose, N, Lami A. & Cameron, N. G. 2002. A multi proxy analysis of climate impacts on the recent development of subarctic Lake Saanajärvi in Finnish Lapland. Journal of Paleolimnology 28: 59-77.
8. Cameron, N.G., Schnell, Ø.A., Rautio, M., Lami, A., Livingstone, D.M., Appleby, P.G., Dearing, J.A. & Rose, N.L. 2002. High resolution analyses of recent sediments from a Norwegian Mountain lake and comparison with instrumental records of climate. Journal of Paleolimnology 28: 79-93.
7. Catalan, J., Ventura, M., Branclj, A., Granados, I., Thies, H., Nickus, U., Korhola, A., Lotter, A.F., Barbieri, A., Stuchlik, E., Lien, L., BituSik, P., Buchaca, T., Camarero, L., Goudsmit, G. H., Kopacek, J., Lemcke, G., Livingstone, D. M., Müller, B., Rautio, M., Sorvari, S., Sporka, F., Strunecky O., & Toro M. 2002. Seasonal ecosystem variability in remote mountain lakes: implications for detecting climatic signals in sediment records. Journal of Paleolimnology 28: 25-46.
6. Rautio, M. 2001. Zooplankton assemblages related to environmental characteristics in treeline ponds in Finnish Lapland. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 33: 289-298.
5. Rautio, M., Sorvari, S. & Korhola, A 2000. Diatom and crustacean zooplankton communities, their seasonal variability and representation in the sediment of subarctic Lake Saanajärvi. Journal of Limnology 59 (Suppl. 1): 81-96.
4. Sorvari, S., Rautio, M. & Korhola, A. 2000. Seasonal dynamics of the subarctic Lake Saanajärvi in Finnish Lapland. Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 27: 507-512.
3. The MOLAR Water Chemistry Group* (1999). The MOLAR project: atmospheric deposition and lake water chemistry. Journal of Limnology 58: 88-106. (* including 52 authors).
​2. Viitasalo, M. & Rautio, M. 1998. Zooplanktivory by Praunus flexuosus (Crustacea: Mysidacea): functional responses and prey selection in relation to prey escape responses. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 174:77-87.
1. Rautio, M. 1998. Community structure of crustacean zooplankton in subarctic ponds ¾ effects of altitude and physical heterogeneity. Ecography 21: 327-335.
Book chapters


B8. Jeppesen E, Christoffersen K, Rautio M & Lauridsen TL. Ecology of Arctic Lakes. 2020 In: Thomas D.N. (ed.) Arctic Lakes. Wiley-Blackwell.


B7. Rautio M & Nevalainen L 2013. Cladocera. In: Elias S.A. (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, vol. 3, pp. 271-280. Amsterdam: Elsevier.


B6. Rautio M., Bayly, I., Gibson, J. and Nyman, M. 2007. Zooplankton and zoobenthos in high-latitude water bodies. In: Vincent, WF and Laybourn-Parry, J (eds.), High Latitude Lake and River Ecosystems. Oxford University Press.


B5. Rautio M. 2007. The use of Cladocera in paleolimnology. In: Encyclopedia of Quaternary Sciences. Elias SA (ed.). Elsevier, B.V. pp. 2031-2039.


B4. Vincent WF, Rautio M and Pienitz R. 2007. Climate control of biological UV exposure in polar and alpine aquatic ecosystems. In: J.B. Orbaek, R. Kallenborn, I. Tombre, E. Hegseth, A. Falk-Petersen, A.H. Hoel (eds). Arctic Alpine Ecosystems and People in a Changing Environment. Springer, Berlin. pp.  227-249.


B3. Rautio M. 2006. Freshwater Ecosystems and Fisheries (Chapter Eds. Wrona, F, Prowse, TD and Reist, JD). Contribution to a book published by ACIA (Arctic Climate Impact Assessment).Cambridge University Press, p. 423.


B2. Korhola, A. and Rautio, M. 2005. Tunturivedet ja ilmaston muutos (Mountain lakes and climate change). Suurtuntureiden luonto. Kilpisjärven biologisen aseman 40-vuotisjuhlakirja.– Palmenia-kustannus. Yliopistopaino 2004. ISBN 952-10-1143-4. pp. 169-185.


B1. Korhola, A. & Rautio, M. 2001. Cladocera and other branchiopod crustaceans. In: J.P. Smol, H.J.B. Birks & W.M. Last (eds.), Tracking Environmental Change Using Lake Sediments. Volume 4: Zoological indicators. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 5-41.

Research reports


CAFF. 2019. State of the Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity: Key Findings and Advice for Monitoring. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna International Secretariat, Akureyri, Iceland. ISBN: 978-9935-431-78-3.


Rautio M, Power M, Lovejoy C, Evans M, Culp J, Derome N. 2019. Ecosystem Health of Arctic Freshwaters. 2019 field season report from lake sampling in Cambridge Bay.


Rautio M, Power M, Lovejoy C, Evans M, Culp J, Derome N. 2018. Ecosystem Health of Arctic Freshwaters. 2018 field season report from lake sampling in Cambridge Bay.


Rautio M, Power M, Lovejoy C, Evans M, Culp J, Vincent WF, Derome N, Cusson M, Culley A. Ecosystem Health of Arctic Freshwaters. 2017 field season report from lake sampling in Cambridge Bay.


Rautio M, Lovejoy C. 2015. First inventory of Greiner Lake, Victoria Island: 2015 field season report.


Rautio M, Power M, Culp J 2014. First inventory of lakes and rivers on Victoria Island: 2014 field season trip report.


Wrona FJ, Reist JD, Amundsen PA, Chambers PA, Christoffersen K, Culp JM, di Cenzo PD, Forsström L, Hammar J, Heino J, Heikkinen RK, Kahilainen KK, Lesack L, Lehtonen H, Lento J, Luoto M, Marsh P, Marcogliese DJ, Moquin PA, Mustonen T, Prowse TD, Power M, Rautio M, Swanson H, Thompson M, Toivonen H, Vasiliev V, Virkkala R and Zavalko S. 2013. Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Freshwater Ecosystems pp. 325-367. Arctic Council Publications.


J.M. Culp, W. Goedkoop, J. Lento, K.S. Christoffersen, S. Frenzel, G. Gudbergsson, P. Liljaniemi, S. Sandoy, M. Svoboda, J. Brittain, J. Hammar, D. Jacobsen, B. Jones, C. Juillet, M. Kahlert, K. Kidd, E. Luiker, J. Olafsson, M. Power, M. Rautio, A. Ritcey, R. Striegl, M. Svenning, J. Sweetman, M. Whitman. 2012. The Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan. CAFF International Secretariat, CAFF Monitoring Series Report Nr. 7. CAFF International Secretariat. Akureyri, Iceland. ISBN 978-9935-431-19-6


Rautio. M. 1997. Threats to arctic biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF). 52 p.



Rautio. M. 2001. Ecology of zooplankton in subarctic ponds, with a focus on responses to ultraviolet radiation. Ph.D. thesis, University of Helsinki.


Rautio, M. 1998. Crustacean zooplankton communities in subarctic ponds in Finnish Lapland: species diversity and responses to environmental variables. Licentiate of Philopsophy thesis, University of Helsinki.


Rautio, M. 1996. Crustacean zooplankton abundance in ponds in Kilpisjärvi region, Finnish Lapland: community structure and seasonal succession. M.Sc. thesis, University of Helsinki. (in Finnish).


Other theses from the lab to come.

Articles to the public

Coming soon.


Coming soon.